London is the perfect city: there are people from all walks of life living together, it's a truly multicultural place. It’s an important city with the City of London and The London Stock Exchange being the heart of the financial world. It’s also a historic, yet innovative, city with a 950 year old castle standing next to brand new glass apartments. It’s the largest city in Europe and it’s a place you’ll never forget.
Having been founded by the romans over 2000 years ago as Londinium, the city is filled with history. Originally Londinium was only about 1 square mile with walls built around the city and only one bridge across the river to access it - London Bridge. It was a self-sustaining city for the most part with easy access to the river beside is - the Thames. This central area is today called the City of London and is exactly 1.12square miles in area, it is often referred to by Londoners as The City or The Square Mile. This area houses St. Paul’s Cathedral and is the financial heart of the city.
Over the last two thousand years or so that city has expanded, now home to thirty-two boroughs (in addition to the City of London which is not under the jurisdiction of City Hall which runs the rest of London). It now is home to 8.6 million people, from all cultures and a fantastic place for you to visit.
Throughout your trip in the city you’ll find all kinds of world class attractions, from art galleries, to monuments, to theaters, restaurants and more. Londoners are world-class innovators too with the world’s first underground railway under the city, this year celebrating its 150th anniversary. You’ll notice throughout this guide that the underground, and public transport in general are very important to Londoners and they are the main way of getting around. Following the success of the London 2012 Olympics, London is a more united city than ever before.